The normal polemic against the so called 'civilisational states' such as China, for example, is that they can be pigeon holed merely as 'authoritarian', that they are, in fact, aberrations on the road to the full model of 'liberal democracy'. It is their inherent 'backwardness', inability to reform, not quite 'all in' on the merits of liberal democracy, that keeps them locked up in Plato's cave.
China between the next superpower and another Ptolemaic Egypt. The rise of China from the perspective of historical comparison
Is China the next superpower? A short historical comparison, which could show us more or less an Alpha version of “The rise of China” - may provide us with another answer – possibly negative.
“War has uncontrollable consequences”, noted historian Steven Mintz in Inside Higher Education in January 2023. Shortly afterwards in the same journal, Mintz argued that American academic scholarship is stagnating.
In a small sketch devoted to the significance of the political emigration in Polish politics of the Partition period, one cannot be tempted to recount its history in detail, to mention even its numerous fields of activity, political, journalistic, cultural, charitable, military, or scientific initiatives.
In 1990 the American philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre published Three Rival Versions of Moral Enquiry: Encyclopedia, Genealogy, Tradition. The last chapter of this book is titled “Reconceiving the university and the lecture,” and it ends with a proposition: in academic discourse we should “introduce” ourselves before we start speaking.